Fiordland Penguin

PenguinWorld is designed to be the one-stop shop for all things penguin. Check out Professor Penguin for answers to any questions you may have, and the Features section for in-depth articles. Otherwise, browse the information available on the different types of penguins below.

Types of Penguin

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It might seem strange to say this, but it is hard to say exactly how many species of penguins there are living in the world today. Most authorities suggest between 16 to 19 species, with the 17 types of penguins listed on this website being the most common. However, even one of those is in doubt: the evidence indicates that the Royal penguin is really probably only a white-faced variant of the Macaroni penguin. Yet, there might still be 17 species of penguins – or even more: genetic and other evidence is accumulating to suggest that the penguins with the long crests known as Rockhopper penguins probably comprise two, or even three, different species. Similarly, Gentoo penguins may well consist of more than one species.

Each species belongs to a larger grouping of closely related species known as a genus. The living penguins comprise six genera (the plural of genus). You can see which species belong to each genus by looking under Families of Penguins in the Menu. Otherwise, if you wish to go straight to the information about a particular species, click on its picture below.

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